Overdose Risk Profile

See Brochure for drug indicators 


Brochure:  Overdose Risk Profile

Details:  (Palm Beach County Sheriff's Office)

Signs and Symptoms of a Drug Overdose Emergency
 (Indictors of drug  overdose differ  depending upon the type of drug consumed.)


In general,  the overdose victim:

  • May not awaken when roused.
  • May not respond to painful stimulation such as rubbing  knuckles  across  his or her sternum.
  • May exhibit blue/purple lips, face and hands.
  • May snore or struggle for breath.
  • May complain of elevated body temperature.
  • May vomit.

If someone is making unfamiliar sounds while “sleeping” it is worth trying to wake him or her up. You may think a person is snoring, when in fact the person is overdosing.

If you suspect  someone is experiencing a drug overdose,  you must  react to this true medical  emergency by calling “911” without delay. 


  • Tell medical  professionals everything that the victim consumed or may have consumed.
  • Follow the directions of the “911” operator.

  • Stay with the victim until help arrives.

  • Choose  life  first,  all  other  considerations  must come second.


  • Allow the victim to “sleep it off”.
  • Put the victim in a bath or shower.
  • Inject the victim with anything.
  • Leave the victim alone.
  • Treat  the  victim  with  home  remedies  that  do not work  and  often  postpone  potentially life-saving medical  treatment.
  • Postpone calling “911” while cleaning up.
  • Suffer  a  lifetime  of  regret  for  making  the  wrong choice.

Demographic Indicators:

• White
• Male
• Approximately 39 years old
• High School Diploma or GED
• Employed

Static Indicators:

  • History of substance abuse
  • History of drug  related arrests
  • History of substance abuse treatment
  • History of mental health treatment
  • History of non fatal drug  overdose
  • Under a physician’s care at time of death

Circumstantial Indicators:

       • Died at home
      • Discovered by family member
      • Last act = sleeping
       • Found unconscious
      • Others present at death scene
      • Others aware  of fatal drug  use
      • Others recognized distress
      •  Died from accidental multiple drug toxicity
      •  Most likely combinations = (alprazolam, oxycodone, cocaine, methadone)